James Crawley Edit

Mr James Crawley (d. 15 April, 1912) was Robert Crawley's first cousin and the original heir to the Earldom and family fortune, but he perished in the sinking of the RMS Titanic[1] along with his only son, Patrick. The family has a memorial for him and his son in London and then in Downton. His aunt Violet Crawley was not fond of him, finding him too similar to his mother with whom she also had negative relationship.

James's body was recovered from the sea and he was buried in Canada[2].

Violet: "I'm very sorry about poor Patrick, of course. He was a nice boy."
Cora: "We were all so fond of him."
Violet: "But I never cared for James. He was too like his mother and a nastier woman never drew breath."
— Violet telling Cora about her grief.[src]
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James Crawley's Mother Edit

James Crawley's mother was the sister-in-law of Violet Crawley and Patrick Crawley, Earl of Grantham, the wife of Robert's uncle and the mother to James Crawley, the future heir to the Earldom of Grantham and the grandmother of Patrick Crawley.

Violet Crawley did not get along with her, claiming that "a nastier woman never drew breath"; Violet's dislike also spread to her son, as Violet later stated that she "never cared for James." because "he was too much like his mother".


  • In 1912 Violet refers to her in the past tense, suggesting that she died sometime earlier.
  • If Robert's father succeeded his father as Earl of Grantham, then this woman would have the title of "The Honourable" by marriage[3]



Violet Crawley: "I'm very sorry about poor Patrick, of course. He was a nice boy."
Cora Crawley: "We were all so fond of him."
Violet Crawley: "But I never cared for James. He was too like his mother and a nastier woman never drew breath."
— Violet describes James Crawley's mother while telling Cora about her grief.[src]
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Mr Patrick Crawley Edit

See Patrick Crawley.

Reginald Crawley Edit

Dr Reginald Crawley, Matthew's father, was mentioned twice in Series 1. He died between 1909 and 1912 and was a doctor in Manchester until his death. As he predeceased his cousins James and Patrick Crawley, his son Matthew became heir to the Earldom of Grantham until his own untimely death. Reginald's great-grandfather was a younger son of the 3rd Earl of Grantham.

He studied medicine with his brother-in-law under the tutelage of his father-in-law. Dr Clarkson admitted in 1912 that he was familiar with Reginald's work on the symptoms of infection in children. He also treated dropsy of the heart, a process witnessed by his wife, who later encouraged Dr Clarkson to use the same treatment for John Drake despite Violet's protests.

Isobel later described to Mary and Tom how "sick" with love she was when she got engaged to Reginald. When they described their own romances with Sybil and Matthew respectively, Isobel remarked "Aren't we the lucky ones?!"

Murray: "His mother is alive and he lives with her. His father, obviously, is not. He was a doctor."
Robert: "I know. It does seem odd that my third cousin should be a doctor."
Murray: "There are worse professions."
— Murray and Robert discussing the new heir Matthew[src]
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Mr GordonEdit

Mr Gordon is the husband of Robert's aunt who married her in 1860.



Major Gordon: "Did they tell you we're related?"
Edith: "Yes, but I'm afraid I'm not much good at family history. Although Papa's found an aunt in 1860 who married a Gordon. Perhaps that's a clue."
Major Gordon: "No, that isn't it."
— Edith trying to guess at how Major Gordon is related to her.[src]
  • Despite this character being listed as "Gordon" that is not actually his name; his forename is unknown and his surname is "Gordon." The mysterious person calling himself Patrick Gordon claims to be related to the Crawleys and Edith makes a possible connection between him and this "Gordon" saying that a great aunt discovered by Robert "married a Gordon"; as Patrick Gordon is using the surname as the way that they are related.
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Marmaduke Painswick Edit

Mr Marmaduke Painswick is the late husband of Rosamund Painswick. He was a wealthy banker who acquired a house on Eaton Square where his widow still resides. His fortune made Rosamund a very wealthy woman after they married. The social prominence of his family began with his paternal grandfather, a manufacturer, while his maternal grandfather was a baronet. The non-aristocratic roots of the Painswick family is a never ending source of mockery from his mother-in-law, Violet; however, Violet approved more of Marmaduke than she did of Sir Richard Carlisle.



Rosamund: "Marmaduke wasn't a rough diamond was he, Mama?"
Violet: "No. He was just cut and polished comparatively recently."
— Rosamund and Violet discussing Marmaduke after Lavinia says that Violet "makes Mr Painswick sound like a rough diamond"[src]
Rosamund: "Sir Richard is powerful and rich, and well on the way to a peerage. Of course, he may not be all that one would wish, but Mary can soon smooth off the rough edges."
Violet: "Well, you should know."
Rosamund: "What do you mean by that? Marmaduke was a gentleman!"
Violet: "Marmaduke was the grandson of a manufacturer."
Rosamund: "His mother was the daughter of a baronet."
— Violet and Rosamund argue over Marmaduke[src]
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Cousin Freddie Edit

Cousin Freddie (fl.1913) was a cousin of Sybil, Edith and Mary, who in 1913, was studying to be a lawyer at Lincoln's Inn alongside Vivianne MacDonald. Sybil used him as an example to Mary when saying that he was like Matthew.


  • Episode 1.02 (Mentioned only)
Sybil: "Cousin Freddie's studying at the bar - and so is Vivian MacDonald"
Mary: "At Lincoln's Inn! Not sitting at a dirty little desk in Ripon."
Lady Sybil and Lady Mary Crawley on Cousin Freddie in 1913.[src]
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First Earl of Grantham Edit

The 1st Earl of Grantham (fl c. 1772 - 1789) was the original holder of the Earldom of Grantham which was created in 1772.[4] He was mentioned by Violet Crawley to the Duke of Crowborough when discussing the Dower House. Both Robert Crawley and Matthew Crawley are direct male-line descendants of the 1st Earl of Grantham.

The First Earl may have died by 1789 as his son, who collected a Della Francesca was said to be on a "grand tour" through at least France at the time of the Bastile; his mother sent a letter, by special messenger, to tell him to come home[5].

Violet Crawley: "Are you a student of architecture?"
Duke of Crowborough: "Mm, absolutely."
Violet Crawley: "Then I do hope you'll come and inspect my little cottage. It was designed by Wren for the first Earl's sister."
— The Duke of Crowborough and the Dowager Countess of Grantham over dinner in 1912.[src]
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The First Earl of Grantham's WifeEdit

According to Carson, this woman, the first Countess (b. 12 January; fl. 1789), was born on the twelfth of January and her birthdate became the date that all Servants' balls afterwards were held on.[6]

This woman later heard of the fall of the Bastile, while her son was in France, and sent a special messenger with a letter to get him home.[7]

"But the Servants' Ball is always held on the twelfth of January, the birthday of the first Countess."
Charles Carson on the first Countess.
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First Earl of Grantham's sister Edit

The 1st Earl of Grantham's sister was mentioned by Violet Crawley to the Duke of Crowborough when discussing the Dower House. The Earl commissioned Sir Christopher Wren to design it so that his sister could live close to Downton Abbey.[8]


Episode 1.01 (Mentioned only)

See above.
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Second Earl of Grantham Edit

The 2nd Earl of Grantham (fl. 1789 - 1794) was an ancestor of Robert Crawley. Mary Crawley mentioned to Kemal Pamuk that he brought several paintings to Downton Abbey, including a fifteenth-century picture by Piero della Francesca.

Since the inheritance of the title was restricted to direct male heirs of the original title-holder, he must have been a son or grandson of the 1st Earl.

In 1789, he was travelling, on his "grand tour", through France at the time of the fall of the Bastille. His mother sent a letter, by "special messenger", to get him home. According to Cora, the second Earl went back to France after the Reign of Terror and obtained more portraits[9].

Kemal: "Is this picture really a Della Francesca?"
Mary: "I think so. The second earl brought back several paintings from..."
Kemal Pamuk and Lady Mary Crawley discuss a painting at Downton Abbey.[src]
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Third Earl of Grantham Edit

The 3rd Earl of Grantham is the ancestor of both Robert and Matthew, who almost went bankrupt. He had at least two sons; the elder was the great-grandfather of Robert Crawley and his younger son is the great grandfather of Reginald Crawley, Matthew's father.

"The Third Earl nearly went bankrupt..."
—Murray on the Third Earl of Grantham.[src]
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Fourth Earl of GranthamEdit

According to George Murray, The 4th Earl of Grantham "only saved Downton by dying". He married a woman who inherited Downton Place and passed it into her husband's family on their marriage.

According to Violet, the Fourth Earl "collected horses and women" and assembled the library at Downton as he "loved books".

"And The Fourth Earl only saved Downton by dying..."
—Murray on the Fourth Earl of Grantham.[src]
"Horses and women."
—Violet on the Fourth Earl of Grantham and what he "collected".[src]
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Fourth Earl of Grantham's wifeEdit

Little is known about this woman, but Robert states that "Downton Place came with my great-grandmother," and as it passed into the hands of the Granthams, we known she was his great-grandmother, and was the wife of the Fourth Earl of Grantham[10].

At the time of her son's death she was still alive[11].

"Downton Place came with my great-grandmother."
—Robert, on this woman's passing of Downton Place to the Grantham Family.[src]
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Fifth Earl of Grantham's WifeEdit

The Wife of the Fifth Earl of Grantham was the mother of Robert's father and his younger brother, the mother-in-law of Violet Crawley and The Hon Mrs Crawley and the paternal grandmother of Robert, Earl of Grantham, Lady Rosamund Painswick and James Crawley.

After her husband's death she lived in Crawley House. It was mentioned that Crawley House seemed very dark when Violet's mother-in-law lived there, but Violet remarks that her mother-in-law made everything rather dark. In 1921, Violet later stated that somewhere being "filthy and dirty, with awful food" and "no-one to talk to for a hundred square miles" was like a week with her mother-in-law.

"It always seemed so dark when my mother-in-law lived here, but then again, she made everything dark!"
Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham on her mother-in-law [src]
Susan, Marchioness of Flintshire: "No, but it'll be filthy and dirty, and the food'll be awful and there'll be no-one to talk to for a hundred square miles."
Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham: "That sounds like a week with my mother-in-law."
— Violet and Susan at Duneagle Castle.[src]
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Patrick Crawley, Sixth Earl of GranthamEdit

Patrick Crawley[12], the Sixth Earl of Grantham[13], (d. after 1895) was the late husband of Violet Crawley and father of Rosamund Painswick as well as Robert. Between October 1853 and February 1856, Patrick fought in the Crimean War with Anne de Vere Cole's father. According to his wife, Violet, the Earl was a great traveller and as a result she "spent many happy evenings without understanding a word."[14] He had a younger brother, who was the father of James Crawley. James's son might have been named after him. When Robert and Cora married, he pressured Cora to sign an agreement, that tied her dowry to the estate, in order to protect, with the expectations that the couple would have a son ton inherit it all.

He was the godfather of Anne de Vere Cole, who would come to marry Neville Chamberlain.[15]

Edith mentioned that he left a trust fund for his grandchildren[16].
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Banning Edit

Banning is a cousin of Violet Crawley and Roberta[17] and a cousin - who may have been a second cousin or a more distantly related cousin - of Robert Crawley, Lady Rosamund Painswick and Susan MacClare, Marchioness of Flintshire, who was mentioned by Robert in 1920.


  • Banning is a cousin of Violet. Whether Banning is a first or second cousin - as some people call their second cousins just "cousins" - is unknown.
  • It is unknown if Banning is the forename or surname of Violet's cousin.
"This is Banning: He was a cousin of Granny's"
—Robert as the Crawley Family head to Downton Place in 1920.[src]
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Roberta Edit

Roberta was mentioned by Violet to her granddaughters as being their great aunt and having loaded the guns in the Siege of Lucknow in 1857.

Violet: "But war deals out strange tasks. Remember your great-aunt Roberta."
Mary: "What about her?"
Violet: "She loaded the guns at Lucknow."
Violet talks about Great Aunt Roberta, in 1914.
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Violet's AuntEdit

Violet's Aunt (fl. 1860s[18]) is an aunt of Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham. When Violet married her husband, Patrick, her aunt, described as "frightful" by Violet, gave her a vase that she hated for half a century until, to the relief of Violet, the vase was destroyed by Matthew Crawley and Richard Carlisle when they were fighting.



"It was a wedding present from a frightful aunt, I have hated it for half a century."
—Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham on her aunt and horrible vase.[src]
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Violet Crawley's FatherEdit

Violet Crawley's Father (fl. 1860) was an impoverished baronet.

He was born sometime before the 1840s because by 1842 he was married,[19] and was alive in 1860 to witness Violet's marriage to her husband, Patrick. Due to being impoverished, he was not able to provide Violet with a large dowry to save the also impoverished Earldom of Grantham.

"As my late father used to say 'If reason fails, try force'."
—Violet quotes her father in December 1925.[src]
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Violet Crawley's MotherEdit

Violet Crawley's Mother (fl. 1860) was the wife of an impoverished baronet.

She had at least two children, both girls, Violet and her sister.

According to Violet, "stopping at nothing to [get your own way]" is a trait she shares with "Marlborough, Wellington and my late mother". Violet's mother may have been a woman very like her and Violet says she was "trained in a hard school and I fight accordingly"[20]. She was alive in 1860 to witness Violet's marriage to Patrick Crawley, Sixth Earl of Grantham[21]. She did not bring much money to the marriage between her and her husband and, due to being impoverished, her husband was not able to provide Violet with a large dowry to save the also impoverished Earldom of Grantham.

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Violet's SisterEdit

Violet had at least one sister who was the mother of Susan MacClare, Marchioness of Flintshire and who was mentioned by Susan in 1921.

"You are my mother's sister. You can jolly well be on my side."
—Susan mentions her mother to Violet at Duneagle Castle in September 1921.[src]

It is possible that this woman is Roberta or the woman who married a Gordon in the 1860s, but this has not been confirmed.

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